Body language – what we express using our body

Facial expressions are part of our body language and they are the most used to  show what are our feelings in regards with certain activities or certain persons.  Facial expressions can show surprise, happiness, disgust, sadness, confusion, fear, excitement, desire or contempt, and are the most universal forms of body language (Kendra Cherry, Understanding Body Language).One of the researchers in this area, Paul Ekman, found a correlation between facial expressions and particular emotions. The eyes, the mouth, gestures, the arms and legs, posture, they all show what a person feels at a certain time in a certain situation.  Breading and speaking are also ways in which the body express attitudes and feelings, where different ways of breading can show if a person is frighten(open the mouth to get more oxygen), if a person is hyperventilated (breathing very fast) or if a person is relaxed (slow deep breathing), and where speaking is a tool to express feeling using the mouth which is an additional tool to send signals to other people. Eyes are another tool which is very used as a part of the body language and can express fear, excitement, disgust or sexual attraction.

According to a study of pupil size and attraction, Hess (1965) showed that men found
drawings of women’s faces to be more attractive when the pupils were  larger, and this findings have been replicated using diferent methods to discover the correlation between the eyes and attraction towards others (Bull & Shead, 1979; Hess, 1975;Stass & Willis, 1967; Tomlinson et al., 1978).

Gestures on the other hand,are more direct and obvious body language signals and they correlate with eye or mouth expressions in order to enhance the signal sent to the other person (a thumb up with a big smile show an highly agreement).

There are so many what can body language do and express because our body is continuously learning on how to express better what our brain is thinking.

Straker, D. (n.d.). Mouth body language. Changing Minds. Found online at http://changingminds.org/techniques/body/parts_body_language/mouth_body_language.htm

Straker, D. (n.d.). Leg body language. Changing Minds. Found online at http://changingminds.org/techniques/body/parts_body_language/leg_body_language.htm

Tombs, S & Silverman I, (2004) Pupillometry A sexual selection approach, online article found at http://boileddown.me/storage/pupil.pdf

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Body language and Perception

Body Language involves  person’s feelings, thoughts, and attitudes about other persons and things and those are communicated between 2 or more persons using physical movements as a communication tool.  2 people who never met before will automatically gain an impression of each other and this will create an opinion of what the persons involved think about each other using non-verbal cues where  this is the impression that people make about each other when they first met and is hardly unlikely that it will change.

According to researchers by Canadian Social Science (http://www.cscanada.org/) 38% of communication is comprised of audio codes, %55 body language and 7% words which proves that nonverbal communication is very important in expressing people’s emotions, feelings and attitudes in regards with other people or actions.

Nonverbal communication includes voice, word accent, silence, colors, body posture and angle, touching, smell, use of objects, sense of place and time,  walking style; all this are helping people to communicate better and to express themselves without using words. According to Scheflen (1972)the communication between people is based upon lower and earlier primate development as well as on extensive culturally learned behaviour.

There are areas where the body language and the non-verbal communication is the only way to express where people with disabilities such as autism or other types of disabilities, are using this way as the best way to communicate.Professor Minskoff is one of the people who  teaches courses in learning disabilities by using body language as a language to communicate where  Dr. Minskoff is coauthor of the MWM Program for Developing Language Abilities and author of Teaching Essential Language Skills and is using this method to learn the body language cues.

J Learn Disabil March 1980 vol. 13no. 3 118-124 http://ldx.sagepub.com

Scheflen Albert E. (1972) Body Language and the Social Order; Communication as Behavioral Control

http://www.cscanada.org/

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“I’m watching you watching me!” Body language

When you think that I cannot see that you analyse me, think again because it might be me the one who is analyzing you in the same time…My favourite quote : “What goes around comes around”  Are people aware that they are being analysed by somebody else while they analyse another totally different person?

How many times did you feel analysed or “watched”?

I’ve decided to do a research on body language and what can you “read” from an individual simple gestures. Body language, also called kinesics, is and aspect of communication and build up relationships and this is use everyday in business,family communication,etc and the communication is going both ways;you read the meaning and attitude of others and others are reading the signals you are sending out to them.

Personal Space is something that is very often shown through body’s language because each individual react differently in regards with his own “personal space”. Anthropologist Edward T. Hall has classified the personal space in 4 categories such us intimate distance which shows close relationship between individuals, like hugging or touching; personal distance which occurs between close friends or relatives; social distance is the level used between co-workers or mail man, and public distance where the physical distance is close related to speaking in public or presentations in front of the class, etc.

Edward, T. Hall, The Silent Language, (July,1973) access online

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Psychology a new begining

Psychology is all about asking the same question all over again: “Why?”  Why do we act like this when we see a person lying on the floor?  Why did I react or why I didn’t react when the person on the other side of the road was waving at me? I always have been and will ask myself this question: “Why we do it, what is in our mind when we behave in a certain way?”

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